Genghis Khan’s Conquests
After uniting the nomads, Genghis Khan and his loyal officers led the Mongol army of 100,000 men in a series of military campaigns to expand their territory.
In 1207, China consisted of three separate states: Xi Xia, Jin, and Sung. Genghis Khan captured large parts, but it was his grandson Kublai Khan who completed the conquest of this territory years later.
As the major power of western Asia, the Khwarizm Empire included parts of modern Iran, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. The Mongols successfully defeated the empire after being rebuked in their efforts at peaceful trade with the Khwarizm.
The Mongols pursued fleeing members of the Khwarzim Empire into the Ukraine, all the way to Kiev, beginning a series of Russian campaigns that were successfully ended later by Genghis’s grandson Batu.
These wars were brutal, and often decimated the population and destroyed many great cities. But in just 25 short years, Genghis Khan’s army had conquered more lands and people than the Romans did during their entire 400-year rule.