The Gifts of Government
Genghis Khan’s united Mongol nation formed the foundation of the largest continuous land empire ever known. A wise statesman, Genghis also established Mongolian-style democracy that respected the ethnic and cultural diversity of his Empire. His government left many long-lasting legacies:
- Literacy and official record-keeping began with the first written Mongolian script, created by adapting the alphabet of the Uighur people of western Mongolia.
- Councils of leaders and a “cabinet” of advisors drawn from different tribes and nations were held to establish policies and make decisions.
- Laws and directions, referred to as the Great Yasa, defined Mongol behavior.
- Religious freedom was extended to all denominations in the belief that the support of religious leaders would foster good relations with the people.
- Civil Service appointments were based on merit, regardless of nationality or connections.
- International passports provided protection for the diplomatic representatives of any nation, facilitating safe passage and trade.
- Rapid communication depended upon the Yam, an efficient mounted messenger service.